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Thursday, 18 November 2010

Thayer Nationalism and the Asia Pacific

Thayer Nationalism and the Asia Pacific
Nationalism in Indonesia, 1900‐45

• Evolution of perspectives from local
– 1908: Budi Utomo (Glorious Endeavour)
– 1918: Minahasa Study Union and Ambonese Youth

• Regional perspective:
– 1911 Sarekat Islam (Islamic Union)
– 1917: League of Sumatran Youth

• National perspective:
– 1912: National Indies Party
– 1914: Indies Social Democratic Union
– 1921: Partai Komunis Indonesia (PKI)
– 1927: Union of Chinese of Indonesia
– 1929: Partai Nasional Indonesia (PNI)

• Youth Oath 1928
– One nation, one homeland, one language (Bahasa Indonesia)

• 1920s ‘Indonesia’ took on a political meaning, Netherlands Indies ‘renamed’ by locals who referred to themselves as Indonesians
– Graduates of Dutch language schools trained in Dutch and Malay, professionals and technicians
– 1928: Congress of Indonesian Women

• 1930s formation of federations of like‐minded political groups

Japanese Occupation, 1942‐45
• European rule overthrown
• Indonesians recruited into government,
bahasa promoted
• Sought support from nationalists and
Muslim leaders
• Established mass organisations
• Created Masyumi
• 1943 created auxiliary forces ‐ PETA

Independence August 17, 1945
• Panca Sila (Five Principles)
• Independence of Dutch territories
• 1945 Constitution
• Jakarta Charter dropped


Thayer Nationalism and the Asia Pacific
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Sultan Sepuh XIV Pangeran Raja Arief Natadiningrat :

"Kami berharap, negara ini tidak melupakan sejarah. Dulu sebelum kemerdekaan Bung Karno meminta dukungan keraton untuk bisa membuat NKRI terwujud, karena saat itu tak ada dana untuk mendirikan negara. Saat itu keraton-keraton menyerahkan harta yang mereka punya untuk kemerdekaan negara ini,"

http://nasional.kompas.com/read/2010/12/05/1725383/Para.Sultan.Dukung.Keistimewaan.Yogya

THE FSKN STATMENT IN SULTANATE OF BANJAR : SESUNGGUHNYA KETIKA RAJA - RAJA MEMBUAT KOMITMENT DGN BUNG KARNO DALAM MENDIRIKAN REPUBLIK INI , SEMUA KERAJAAN YG MENYERAHKAN KEDAULATAN DAN KEKAYAAN HARTA TANAHNYA , DIJANJIKAN MENJADI DAERAH ISTIMEWA. NAMUN PADA KENYATAANNYA ...HANYA
YOGYAKARTA YG DI PROSES SEBAGAI DAERAH ISTIMEWA ... AKANKAH AKAN MELEBAR SEPERTI KETIKA DI JANJIKAN ... HANYA TUHAN YG MAHA TAU. ( Sekjen - FSKN ) By: Kanjeng Pangeran Haryo Kusumodiningrat

http://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=177026175660364&set=a.105902269439422.11074.100000589496907